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Home Herbs A to Z Thyme (Thymus spp.)
Thyme (Thymus spp.) Print E-mail

Timeless Thyme...

In the Garden | Culinary | Fragrance | Medicinal use | Related articles

Popular garden varieties

Common Thyme

Lemon Thyme

Pink Thyme

Golden Thyme

Silver Thyme


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In the Garden

Growth Characteristics:

  • Perennial, Evergreen, Frost hardy,
  • Height: about 8-20cm; Spread: up to 30cm,
  • Thymes can be grown for their decorative effect as their low, matting habit makes them ideal for edging or rockery plants,
  • Ornamental Thymes include Creeping Pink Thyme, and White Thyme - more suitable for their fragrance than for cooking purposes,


  • Full sun; Well drained, composted soil,


  • Pick fresh leaves and flowers throughout the year,

Companion Planting:

  • Vegetables: Plant with Eggplant,
  • Herbs: Plant with all herbs,

Repellant for:

  • Cabbage maggot,


Culinary use

Use the following Thymes for cooking:

  • Common Thyme,
  • Lemon Thyme, and
  • Silver Thyme,
  • Use fresh leaves and flowers all year round with:
  • Carrots, Potatoes, Tomatoes, Baked or sautéed Vegetables (especially mushrooms and courgettes), Mushrooms,
  • Beef, Chicken, Fish, Game, Lamb, Pork, Shellfish, Veal, Sausages,
  • Butters, Cheese, Eggs, Salad dressings, Sauces, Soups, Stews, Stuffings, Vinegars, Marinades (especially for olives),
  • French dishes, Italian dishes,
  • Thyme is a classic component of the French bouquet garni, with Bay and Parsley,
  • Curried Vegetables with Rice and Feta


  • Thyme is an aromatic, decongestant, relaxant, and warming herb,
  • Use Lemon Thyme when a strong Lemon aroma is required,
  • Use in potpourris and moth-repellent sachets,
  • Bees love Thyme flowers and produce esteemed honey,
  • Use in baths, facial steams, and ointments for spots,


Medicinal use

Thyme may be beneficial in the following cases:

  • Anti-inflammatory: inflammation,
  • Contains Rosmarinic acid: antioxidant, antiviral, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Thymol, from thyme oil, is an important ingredient of toothpastes, mouthwashes, and topical, anti-rheumatic preparations,
Nervous System
  • Mild sedative: nervousness,
  • Bacterial and fungal skin infections, Athlete's foot, Wound healing,
  • Hair and scalp treatment,
Lymphatic System
  • Anti-microbial (anti bacterial and anti-fungal): Laryngitis, tonsillitis, sore throat, croup, candidiasis, infection, influenza, mastitis,
Respiratory System
  • Expectorant: Irritable cough, bronchitis, whooping cough (pertusis), croup, colds, influenza,
  • Reduce a fever,
  • Anti-microbial: Laryngitis, Croup
Digestive system
  • Carminative: Dyspepsia, Sluggish digestion, colic, flatulence, Aids digestion of fatty foods,
  • Anthelmintic: Ascariasis, hookworms,
  • Anti-inflammatory: Chronic gastritis,
  • Anti-microbial: Candida albicans
  • Astringent: Childhood diarrhea,
Reproductive System
  • Emmenagogue: Painful menstruation,


Preparation and dosage:


  • 1-2g herb in 1 cup hot water, several times each day.


  • 1-2g, 1-3 x / day; (30g per 750 ml water).


  • 5% infusion.


  • 1-4g or by infusion (3x / day).


  • 2-6 ml (3x / day).


  • 12g Thyme, 25g Chamomile, 1 tsp Cinnamon, A pinch of Cayenne or Ginger (optional)
  • Make a decoction, reduce and add sugar / honey.
  • 2-3 tsp up to 4x daily


  • Enterocolitis, Cardiac insufficiency, pregnancy,


  • Interferes with Fe absorption and other minerals in cases of very high consumption and extended use.



Featured Herb

Three ways to use Lavender in cooking:

1. The flowers add a beautiful colour to salads and desserts,
2. Lavender can also be substituted for rosemary in many bread recipes,
3. Use the spikes or stems for making fruit or shrimp kebabs. Just place your favourite fruit on the stems and grill.


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